Australian Diamonds

Diamonds from Australia

Diamonds from Australia

From one of the world’s last wild places, Australian diamonds shine with the hues of one of the Earth’s oldest continents. Beautiful, exotic and very rare, these precious gems resonate with stories of the Australian landscape and its Dreamtime legends.

Diamonds from an Ancient Land

The color palette of Australian diamonds echo the many facets of this vast and ancient land.

Rich and bold, stark and strong as the Australian outback, Australian diamonds burn with exotic beauty. From the champagne and cognacs through to the pinks, and everything in between, these gems are reminders of the beautiful color palette of this sunburnt country.

Australian diamonds draw attention and perfectly complement other diamonds and pieces of fine jewelry. They have inspired the world’s leading jewelry designers with their glamorous colors and amazing versatility as gems. Captivating, stunning and evocative, Australian diamonds present a unique and scintillating choice for the true connoisseur of diamonds and diamond jewelry.

Dreaming stories: origins of the Barramundi Gap

The Story of Australian Diamonds: Diamonds from the Dreamtime

Dreamtime or 'Ngarranggarni' stories provide a strong belief system through which Aboriginal people understand their country and their relationship to it. The following Miriuwung and Gidja stories – which have been passed down from generation to generation for thousands of years – describe the Dreamtime origins of the Barramundi Gap, where the Argyle Diamond mine is located.

Jaliwang Ngarranggarni
Barramundi Dreaming Story (Miriuwung)
A barramundi lives in the river at Tharram (Bandicoot Bar). One day, a crane fishing for food sees the barramundi and spears it with her beak, but is unable to catch it as the barramundi swims quickly away.

The barramundi travels up the Dunham River, past where the Worrworrum community is today, and on to Glen Hill where she scrapes off some of her scales as she passes through. Today, these scales can be seen near the Glen Hill community's first gate as white rock on the hillside, most clearly visible in the late afternoon.

Here the barramundi is spotted by some women who try to catch her using nets made of rolled spinifex grass (a traditional Miriuwung fishing method known as Gelganyem). But the Barramundi flicks her tail and jumps over the trap. She escapes between the two hills of Barramundi Gap and heads down to Bow River, where she comes to rest as a white rock. This rock, which can still be seen today, is quite different from all the others at Bow River.

Daiwul Ngarranggarni
Barramundi Dreaming Story (Gidja)
A barramundi is being chased by a group of old women and swims into a cave near the area now known as Barramundi Gap. As she enters the cave the women prepare to catch her with nets made from rolled spinifex grass (a traditional fishing method known as Kilkayi).

The barramundi realises she is trapped in the shallow, muddy water of the cave entrance and tries to escape by swimming to the other end, toward Nunbung (Wesley Spring). But she cannot find a way out and returns to the entrance of the cave, where the old women are waiting with their nets. She swims toward the women and jumps over them, shedding her scales as she jumps and leaving them behind in the shallow water. The scales become the diamonds of all colours that are found there today.

The barramundi then jumps through a gap in the rocks, landing in the deep, clean water of Kowinji, or Cattle Creek. As the barramundi dives, she turns into a white stone. Three of the old women who have chased the fish to Cattle Creek peer into the water to look for her and they, too, turn to stone, forever becoming a part of the landscape. Today, there are three stone formations overlooking the creek.

According to the Gidja people, barramundi are not found in the area today because of the presence of the Ngarranggarni barramundi in this place.

The Argyle Diamond Mine

The Argyle Diamond Mine

Forged billions of years ago, deep inside the earth, Australian diamonds formed under intensive heat and pressure that led to their remarkable colors, from rich cognacs and browns to light champagnes and precious pinks. These marvelous shades emerge through the presence of trace elements and distortions in the diamond crystal.

It was the beautifully rugged East Kimberley region of Western Australia, that explorers discovered veins of diamond-bearing ore, and the Argyle Diamond Mine, the world’s largest producer of natural color diamonds, was born.

Diamonds that Make a Difference

Diamonds that Make a Difference

Australian diamonds are mined with care and consideration at Rio Tinto’s Argyle Diamond Mine. More than just a mine, Argyle Diamonds works with local communities and the land’s traditional owners to ensure that benefits from the mine remain long after mining has finished.

An Australian diamond is not only beautiful, it is beautifully responsible.

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